Unveiling the Enigmatic Beauty of Khandagiri, Odisha


Khandagiri, also known as Khandagiri Caves, is an ancient historical site located in the state of Odisha, India. Situated in the capital city of Bhubaneswar, Khandagiri is renowned for its rock-cut caves and monumental architecture dating back to the 1st century BCE. Together with the nearby Udayagiri Caves, Khandagiri forms an important archaeological and historical complex that attracts tourists, historians, and pilgrims from all over the world.

LocationBhubaneswar, Odisha
Entry FeeRs.15 per person for Indians
Rs.200 per person for Foreign Tourists
Rs.25 for Video Camera
TimingMonday-Sunday 8:00 am – 5:00 pm

Historical Significance of Khandagiri

Khandagiri has significant historical importance, primarily attributed to the reign of King Kharavela of the Mahameghavahana dynasty. King Kharavela, a powerful ruler, was a staunch patron of Jainism. The caves of Khandagiri served as residential quarters for Jain monks during his reign. The caves were carved out of the hillside to provide shelter for the monks and served as centers of religious and spiritual activities.

Khandagiri Caves

Architectural Marvel:

The rock-cut caves of Khandagiri showcase exquisite craftsmanship and architectural prowess. There are a total of 15 caves, each unique in its design and carvings. The most prominent among them are Cave 1 and Cave 19.

Cave 1 (Tatowa Gumphas): This cave is the largest and most elaborately adorned. It features ornate carvings of Jain Tirthankaras (spiritual teachers) and yakshis (celestial beings) on its façade. Inside the cave, one can find inscriptions narrating the achievements of King Kharavela.

Cave 19: Also known as Ganesh Cave, it houses a carved image of Lord Ganesh, the elephant-headed deity, and is a popular site of worship for devotees.

Intricate Inscriptions:
The caves at Khandagiri are not just architectural wonders but also repositories of invaluable historical information. Inscriptions found within the caves, mainly in Brahmi script, provide crucial insights into the socio-political and religious aspects of the time. The inscriptions narrate the military conquests, religious endowments, and administrative achievements of King Kharavela.

Khandagiri Caves

Spiritual and Pilgrimage Destination:

For Jains, Khandagiri holds deep religious significance. The caves are considered sacred, and pilgrims visit the site to pay their respects to the ancient Jain monks who once resided here. The tranquil environment and the presence of ancient relics create an aura of spirituality, making it a meditative and soulful experience for visitors.

Tourism and Preservation:

Khandagiri, along with the adjacent Udayagiri Caves, is a protected archaeological site maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The authorities have taken steps to preserve and conserve the caves to ensure their longevity for future generations. The site has been developed for tourism, with pathways, signage, and other amenities to enhance the visitor experience.

Khandagiri, Odisha, is a fascinating destination that offers a glimpse into the rich history and culture of ancient India. Its rock-cut caves, architectural brilliance, and historical inscriptions make it a unique and cherished site for history enthusiasts, architecture aficionados, and spiritual seekers alike. With its serene ambiance and spiritual aura, Khandagiri continues to be a place of wonder and reverence, inviting visitors to connect with the past and experience the timeless legacy of India’s ancient heritage.

Khandagiri Mela 2023

Bhubaneswar’s famous Khandagiri Mela 2023 will start from January 31 to February 10.This Mela has been organized by BMC(Bhubaneswar Municipal cooperation).This Mela will be performed for 10 days.


Who built the Udaygiri and Khandagiri caves?

The Khandagiri and Udaygiri caves were built by King Kharavela.

What is the difference between Khandagiri and Udayagiri Caves?

Khandagiri means a broken hill, Udayagiri means the hill of sunrise

When was Khandagiri built?

Khandagiri was built between 1st & 2nd Century BC.

What is the Pin Code of Khandagiri, Bhubaneswar, Odisha?

Pin Code of Khandagiri is 751030

For How many days Khandagiri Mela 2023 will be performed?

10 days

Khandagiri is in which district of Odisha?

Khordha district of Odisha

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!